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2007年4月統考“大學英語B”正式試題

来源:网络棋牌十大排行榜办公室 时间:2007-06-20

試點高校網絡教育部分公共基礎課全國統一考試

大學英語B試卷

20074

 

 

  

        

一、將你的姓名、考號填寫在答題卡的規定欄內,將考號和考試科目在規定的欄內用2B铅笔涂满涂黑。考试结束后,把試卷和答题卡放在桌上。試卷和答题卡均不得带出考场。

 

二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题卡的指定位置上,写在試卷上的答案无效。

 

三、選擇題用2B铅笔将选中項涂满涂黑,主观题用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。

 

第一部分:英語知識運用(共10小題;每小題2分,滿分20分)

此部分共有10個未完成的對話,針對每個對話中未完成的部分有4个选項,请你从ABCD四个选項中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选項,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A]B〕〔C〕〔D

 

1. — Oh, sorry to bother you.

            .

A. That’s okay                                                  B. No, you can’t

C. That’s good                                                  D. Oh, I don’t know

 

2. — You have lovely children.

            .

A. No, no. They are not                                    B. Oh, no, no

C. You’re talking too much                               D. Thanks

 

3. — These are certainly beautiful flowers. Thank you so much.

          .

A. No, nothing                                                   B. It’s my pleasure

C. Yes, I agree                                                  D. Yes, I think, too

 

4. — Good morning, sir. May I help you?

            .

A. No, I don’t buy anything                             B. No, I don’t need your help

C. Yes, I need some salt                                   D. Oh, no. That’s Ok

 

5. — Well done. Congratulations on your success.

            .

A. Thank you very much                                  B. Oh, no, no

C. No, I didn’t do very well                              D. Sorry, I couldn’t do any better

 

6. — Hello, may I talk to the manager about the price?

          .

A. Sorry, he is out at the moment                       B. No, you can’t

C. Sorry, you can’t                                            D. I don’t know

 

7. — Can you go out with us for dinner this evening?

        .

A. No, I already have plans             

B. Thanks a lot, but I’m busy tonight

C. No, I really don’t like being with you 

D. I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out for dinner

 

8. — Do you mind if I take a couple of hours off this afternoon?

             .

A. Never mind.                                                   B. Ok, but what for?

C. Yes, please help yourself.                              D. Yes, but I don’t care.

 

9. — Excuse me, sir. Where is Dr. Smith’s office

            .

A. You can’t ask me     

B. Good question

C. Please don’t say so  

D. Sorry I don’t know, but you can ask the man over there

 

10. — Mary, your dress is really beautiful. How is John?

              .

A. Thank you very much                                 B. No, no, John is not bad

C. Thank you. He is fine                                 D. Don’t say that

 

 

第二部分:阅读理解 (共20小題;每小題2分,滿分40分)

此部分共有4篇短文,每篇短文後有5個問題,每個問題後有4个选項,请你从ABCD四个选項中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选項,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A]B〕〔C〕〔D

Passage 1

Barbara Jordan, one of the most respected lawyers and politicians in the United States, was the first black woman from the South to be elected to Congress.

 

She was born in Houston, Texas, on February 21, 1936. Right from the start, she set high standards for herself in school.

 

In high school, Miss Jordan decided to become a lawyer. At Texas Southern University she studied political science and history and graduated in 1956 at the top of her class. By 1959 she had earned a law degree from Boston University.

 

Miss Jordan began practicing law at her parents’ dining room table. Three years later she opened her own office.

 

The restless Miss Jordan first broke into politics in 1966, becoming the first black woman elected to the Texas senate. After an impressive record as a state senator, she entered the national scene.

 

In 1972 she won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. During her time in office she was devoted to helping minorities, the poor, and the elderly. “My approach is to respect the humanity of everybody,” she once said. That’ just the way Barbara Jordan was.

 

11. Miss Jordan decided to become a lawyer         .

A. before she ever started school              

B. when she was in high school

C. while she was in Congress                           

D. as soon as she finished her school

 

12. What did she study at Boston University?

          .

A. History and science                B. Law

C. Political science                      D. Politics and history

 

13. The word “restless” in Paragraph 5 means          in its sentence.

A. having no rest all days and nights

B. being nervous and impatient

C. having too much rest

D. not satisfied with the life she was living and wanting to have some new experience

 

14. In her political life she won          in 1972.

A. a law degree

B. an appointment to the president’s cabinet

C. a seat in the state senate

D. a seat in the U.S. Congress

 

15. Miss Jordan was the first black woman         .

A. to be appointed as an ambassador         

B. from the South to be elected to Congress

C. to be appointed to the congress                    

D. to win a national election

 

Passage 2

How and when did Australia begin? It is believed that Australian history began at the end of the eighteenth century. After several centuries of European voyaging in the southern oceans, the English naval officer James Cook sailed the eastern coast in 1770, named it New South Wales and took possession of it in the name of his king. Within twenty years the British government sent a team of explorers to settle in New South Wales. On 26 January 1788 its commander, Arthur Phillip, began to rule over the eastern half of the country. The thousand officers, soldiers, officials and criminals who came ashore from the eleven ships of the First Fleet, anchored (停泊) in the port of Sydney. They prepared the way for later immigrants who spread out over the continent.

 

This is a story of a sleeping land brought to life by Endeavour, the name given to Cook’s ship and the quality given to those who followed him.

 

The newcomers brought with them domestic animals, plants and tools. They also brought with them new ideas. That accomplishment in turn shaped what Australia is now.

 

16. According to this passage, Australian history began at the end of the          century.

A. sixteenth                                  B. seventeenth

C. eighteenth                                D. nineteenth

 

17. The eastern coast of Australia was named New South Wales in 1770. Who did it?

A. James Cook.

B. Arthur Phillip.

C. George Washington.

D. William Shakespeare.

 

18. In the early history of Australia the          government sent its people there for settlement.

A. American                             B. French            

C. Spanish                                 D. British

 

19. Arthur Phillip in this passage is referred to as          who began to rule the eastern half of the country in 1778.

A. an army officer                               B. a rich businessman

C. a poor farmer                                  D. a university student

 

20. “Endeavour” in the passage is likely to be         .

A. a ship in which James Cook and his men sailed to Australia

B. a group of ships led by Arthur Phillip

C. the courage and bravery of those who came to Australia in the early days and went through lots of difficulties

D. both A and C

 

Passage 3

Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there’s a big difference between being a writer and writing. In most cases they are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter. “You’ve got to want to write,” I say to them, “not want to be a writer.”

 

The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. Only a few writers were kissed by fortune, however there are thousands more whose work is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coast Guard to become a freelance writer, I had no proposals at all. What I did have was a friend who found me in my room in a New York department building. I didn’t even care that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used typewriter and felt like a good writer.

 

After a year I still hadn’t got a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that I hardly made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write. I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who did wondering “What if”. I would keep putting my dream to the test, even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the Shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.

 

21. The passage is meant to         .

A. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience

B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer

C. show young people it’s unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame

D. encourage young people to pursue a writing career

 

22. What can be concluded from the passage?

          .

A. Good writers often find their work interesting and rewarding

B. Writer’s success depends on luck rather than on effort

C. Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation

D. The chances for a writer to become successful are small

 

23. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career?

         .

A. Because he wasn’t able to produce a single book

B. Because he hadn’t seen a change for the better

C. Because he wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year

D. Because he found his dream would never come true

 

24. The word “people” in the sentence “…people who did wondering…” in Paragraph 3 refers to those         .

A. who think a lot without making a decision

B. who regret giving up their career halfway

C. who think too much of the positive side of life

D. who are full of imagination even upon death

 

25. “Shadowland” in the last sentence refers to         .

A. the wonderful land one often dreams about

B. the bright future that one is looking forward to

C. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached

D. a word that exists only in one’s imagination

 

Passage 4

If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago, we should probably have to say that we could not remember. But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day, we should be able to give an answer to the question. 

 

It is the same in history. Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them. Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country, but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war. Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people then did not know how to write. For example, we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4, 000 years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them. But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa, because they had not learned to write. 

 

Sometimes, of course, even if the people cannot write, they may know something of the past. They have heard about it from older people, and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings. And these have been sung and acted and told for many generations for most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past. This we may call ‘remembered history’. Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is, because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing. But where there are no written records, such spoken stories are often very helpful.

 

26. Which of the following ideas is not suggested in the passage?

           .

A. Where there are no written records, there is no history

B. “Remembered history”, compared with written history, is less reliable

C. A written account of our daily activities helps us to be able to answer many questions

D. Written records of the past play an important role in our learning of the human history

 

27. We know very little about the central Africa 200 years ago because         .

A. there was nothing worth being written down at that time

B. the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record

C. the written records were perhaps destroyed by a fire

D. the people there did not know how to write

 

28.  “Remembered history” refers to         .

A. history based on a person’s imagination

B. stories of important happenings passed down from mouth to mouth

C. songs and dances about the most important events

D. both B and C

 

29.  “Remembered history” is considered valuable only when         .

A. it is written down

B. no written account is available

C. it proves to be true

D. people are interested in it

 

30. The passage suggests that we could have learned much more about human history than we do now if the ancient people had         .

A. made more songs and dances 

B. not burnt their written records in wars

C. kept a written record of every past event

D. told exact stories of the most important happenings

 

第三部分:词汇和结构 (共25小題;每小題1分,滿分25分)

第一節:此小節共有15個未完成的句子,針對每個句子中未完成的部分有4个选項,请你从ABCD四个选項中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选項,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。    示例[A]B〕〔C〕〔D

 

31. Does he          his mother?

A. look like            B. looks like          C. look likes          D. looked like

 

32. The bus arrived late          the heavy snow.

A. because of          B. except              C. because            D. owing

 

33. The cost is          for me; I won’t go this way any longer. 

A. great much           B. too much               C. very much             D. much too

 

34. The thief admitted          gold rings in the store.

A. steal          B. to have stolen          C. to steal                  D. stealing

 

35. New ideas sometimes have to wait for years before they are         .

A. fully accepting B. accepting fully        C. fully accepted          D. acceptfully

 

36. He doesn’t know much about doing the job, yet he can do it          keep it going.

A. good enough to  B. enough well to       C. well enough to        D. well enough for

 

37. We should give the seat to          is old or sick.

A. whom               B. whoever             C. who                 D. whose

 

38. Bob said that it is easy         .

A. for him being on time                           B. being on time for him

C. for him to be on time                          D. on time for him

 

39.         , he would have been the top student in the class.

A. If he worked hard                  B. If he had worked hard

C. If he was working hard                 D. Working hard

 

40.          a few flowers in the garden, there is nothing else there.

A. Except for  B. Excepting for   C. Except that             D. Besides

 

41. Before he came to Japan, he had never heard a single Japanese word         .

A. speaking           B. speak        C. to speak           D. spoken

 

42. Knowledge          only from practice.

A. has come B. came               C. comes             D. is coming

 

43. It is required that all the teachers in the department          on a picnic next Saturday.

A. to go             B. went                 C. go               D. might go

 

44. We will succeed          learning English well if we don’t lose heart when we failed.

A. to              B. in                    C. with                D. for

 

45. It is often more difficult to find trained men than          for scientific research.

A. getting financial support                  B. to getting financial support

C. to get financial support                   D. in getting financial support

 

第二節:此小節的短文中共有10個空白處,針對每個空白處有4个选項,请你从ABCD四个选項中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选項,并用铅笔将答题卡上的相应字母涂黑。示例[A]B〕〔C〕〔D

 

Many people like to decorate  46  houses at Christmas time. They decorate the inside of the 

 47  and the outside  48  . Inside they usually decorate a  49  tree and the fireplace, if there is one. Outside they place wreaths, ribbons, and coloured  50  on the door and windows. If there is a tree in front of their house, they place colored lights  51  it too.

 

In New York City,  52  is a very tall, beautifully decorated Christmas  53   in Rockefeller Center at Christmas time. In Washington, there is also a big decorated tree in front of the White House. People  54  from many cities to admire the trees and the colourfully decorated store  55 3   on the important streets of large cities.

 

46. A. his              B. their                 C. our                   D. your

47. A. house          B. field                 C. river                 D. lake

48. A. either          B. so                    C. too                   D. and

49. A. Christmas          B. New Year         C. Spring Festival  D. Fool

50. A. water          B. medicine           C. feet                  D. lights

51. A. of        B. on                    C. with                 D. up

52. A. before         B. it               C. then                 D. there

53. A. tree            B. sea                   C. street               D. computer

54. A. eat                     B. come                C. sleep                D. shout

55. A. kitchens             B. bedrooms         C. bathrooms        D. windows

 

第四部分:写作 (满分15分)

要求你在30分鍾內,根據下面所給的題目用英語寫出一篇不少于80詞的短文。

How to Overcome Difficulties in My English Studies

Outline:

1.我在英語學習中遇到的困難

2.我解決困難的方法